After some explanations of green/ white tea now some information about black tea. Black tea is the one who get drunk most around the world. By contrast to green, white one the black is fully fermented. In the west it refers black because of its color oxidised leaves. In the east some call it also „red tea“ because of the reddish colored liquid. One the most well known or famous black tea is Puh Erh Tea from Yunnan Province in south west China. They even get routes named „Tea horse Road“(cha ma dao) where tea caravans where transporting the tea from Yunnan province via Beijing or Tibet. Because of the long transport the tea get fermented and formed into bricks, disks or nests. The storage during the caravan transport was much easier then. So we can say the Puh Erh/ Pu Er was a by product of the „Tea Horse Road“ by itself. Because of these the tea has become a quite new flavor. It has created a specific kind of ‘black’tea, called hei cha.
An other well known black / red tea is the half fermented famous Oolong (black dragon)tea. From that tea the british took plants from Fujian province and brought it to India were it flourished and it became the famous Darjeeling tea.
more about tea ….soon
Following the ancient wisdom of Chinese philosophy you should assimilate your intake according to the seasons. In the case of tea you should know which one is the best for which season. There are teas who are more cooling aspects and teas with warming aspects.
To understand it better its good to have an idea which sort of tea is available and which differences are between.
Actually their are three main types of tea:
- green tea (included white one)
- red tea (half fermented)
- black tea (full fermented)
Green Tea is called Lu Cha and its undergone only a little oxidation. It is getting collected in spring time. In spring the tea leaves are still very young and is given the best taste. Soon after picking the leaves undergoing a quick heat applying. This process reducing about 70% of the water the last 30% getting air tried. This is the best method to keep the natural taste. Green tea by itself has cooling aspect so the best time of course would be the summer to drink.
Red tea are the teas who are undergoing a half fermentation or better said oxidation process. This process is to make the tea encyme and its ingredients working better. Because of this process the color of the tea leaves gonna change into dark. Depend on the tea the degree of oxidation can have between 5 % – 80%. The most popular „red teas“ are Oolong tea or Puh Erh tea. The category „red tea“ is a just because of its reddish color after preparation and it is actually not really a own tea category. In China the family tea group get called Qing Cha. This tea is called energetic neutral and can be drunk the hole seasons.
Explanation about the black tea soon.
Health is by definition of daoist concepts the harmony of Yin and Yang. Yin is related to the Xue (blood) and Yang to Qi (vital energy). Importance is the understanding and the practice of Yin Yang harmony by adjustment to the so called macrocosmos. The day cycle and and cycle of the year. We cannot harmonize Yin Yang internally by going or live the opposite of the nature. It is strengthen us to follow the nature rhythm and if we are following the way of nature we gonna have prevention of illness. Prevention is a big part of Chinese medicine who got his main influence from daoist wisdom and their thousands of years of experience.
Following advices for prevention of illness is given by the daoist philosophy:
- strengthen the constitution (Jing)
- adjustment to the seasons by clothes and diet
- adherence of day and night rhythm
- modest handling with your energy balance
- modest sexual activity
- emotional balance
- take care of the kidneys as a storage for your Qi
- right diet meant by your personal type and seasonal
- regular meals, not to opulent, easy to digest and thermic balanced.
If we want look deeper at the energy aspect of autumn we just have to observe how the nature is doing at that season. The three month of autumn also called time of collection and adjustment. The Qi of heaven is pressure and the Qi of earth is gorgeous. Autumn is the time of crop.
The Chinese character of autumn shows: growing grain and fire
The meaning is under the summer heat the grains are mature and after crop the Chinese were burning the left stubble field.
Following advices are written in Su Wen a part of Huang Di Neijing the „Yellow emperor´s classics of medicine“:
- Go early sleep and stand up early, you should follow the cock action
- Gather the mind and calm down the Qi to balance the bear of autumn
- leave your will in peace and in calmness
This is the right action you should take in accord to autumn for storing and collecting your Qi.
More collection of autumn wisdom is coming soon…